Allentoft et al (2015). Population Genomics of Bronze Age Eurasia. In Nature, vol. 522, p. 167-172 (11 June 2015).

Anthony, D.W. (2017). Archaeology and Language: Why Archaeologists Care about the Indo-European Problem. European Archaeology as Anthropology: Essays in Memory of Bernhard Wailes, p. 39-69. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology

Anthony, D.W. (2007). The Horse, the Wheel, and the Language. How Bronze-Age Riders from the Eurasian Steppes shaped the Modern World. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press

Anthony, D.W. & Ringe, D. (2015). The Indo-European Homeland from Linguistic and Archaeological Perspectives. Annual Review of Linguistics 2015.1: 199-219. Online at

Adams, D.Q. (1988). Tocharian Historical Phonology and Morphology. American Oriental Series Vol. 71. New Haven, Connecticut: American Oriental Society

Bauer, B.L.M. (2009). Residues as an aid in Internal Reconstruction. In: Internal Reconstruction in Indo-European. Methods, results, and problems (p. 17-32). Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press.

Benveniste, E. (2016). Dictionary of Indo-European Concepts and Society. Original French ed. 1969. Chicago: Les Editions the Minuit. Hau Books

Bomhard, A. (2019). The Importance of Hittite and the Other Anatolian Daughter Languages for the Reconstruction of the Proto-Indo-European Phonological System. Florence, SC

Clackson, J. (2011). Indo-European Linguistics. An Introduction. 2nd edition (first edition 2009) Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Eichner, H. (1975). Die Vorgeschichte des hethitischen Verbalsystems. In Rix, H. Flexion und Wortbildung. Akten der V. Fachtagung der Indogermanischen Gesellschaft. Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag.

Ervin, S. (1964). An analysis of the interaction of language, topic, and listener. In John Gumperz and Dell Hymes (eds.), The Ethnography of Communication, special issue of American Anthropologist, 66, Part 2, 86-102.

Euler, W. (1987). Gab es eine indogermanische Götterfamilie? Studien zum Indo-Germanischen Wortschatz. Innsbruck: Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Sprachwissenschaft.

Fortson, B.W. IV (2010). Indo-European Language and Culture. An Introduction. Second Edition. Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell, A John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Publication.

Grosjean, F. Personality, thinking and dreaming, and emotions in bilinguals. Chapter 11 of Grosjean, F. (2010). Bilingual: Life and Reality. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press.

Gurney, O.R. (1954). The Hittites. 2nd edition, first printed in 1952. Harmondsworth, Middlesex: Penguin Books.

Haak et al. (2015). Massive migration from the steppe was a source for Indo-European languages in Europe. In Nature, vol. 522, p. 207-211, 11 June 2015.

Hampl, F. (1987). Antikes Erbe in der Welt der christlichen Legenden und Kulte. In: Mythos. Deutung und Bedeutung, p. 35-66. Innsbruck: Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Sprachwissenschaft.

Hoffner, H.A. Jr., & Melchert, C. (2008). A Grammar of the Hittite Language. Part 1, Reference Grammar. Winona Lake, Indiana: Eisenbrauns

Hübschmann, H. (1897). Armenische Grammatik. Erster Theil. Armenische Etymologie. Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel

Jasanoff, J.H. (2003). Hittite and the Indo-European Verb. New York: Oxford University Press.

Johnson, J.A. (2014). Community matters? Investigatin social complexity through centralization and differentiation in Bronze Age Pastoral Societies of the Southern Urals, Russian Federation, 2100-900 BC. Dissertation. University of Pittsburgh, Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences.

Johnson, J.A. (2016). 2016. One Eye Forward, One Eye Back: Multiple Temporalities, Community, and Social Change in the Culture History of the Southern Urals, Russian Federation (2100 – 1400 BCE). In Fitful Histories, Unruly Publics: Proceedings from the Conference on Eurasian Archaeology, (eds.) K. Weber, E. Hite, L. Khatchadourian, and A.T. Smith. Leiden: Brill. Pp. 55-78.

Johnson, J.A. (Forthcoming). Rethinking the Country of Towns: Social Change, Center-Hinterland Dynamics, and Material Culture in the Southern Urals Region of the Russian Federation, ca. 2100 – 900 BC. In Redefining Configurations of Urbanism: Investigating Centers of Social, Economic, and Political Activity on the Eurasian Steppe. Invited special issue, Journal of World Prehistory.

Kapović, M. (Ed.) (2017). The Indo-European Languages. 2nd edition. London and New York: Routledge.

Kim, R.I. (2018). Greco-Armenian. In: Indogermanische Forschungen 123, p. 247-272, 2018. Berlin / Boston: De Gruyter.

Klein, J. (Ed.), Joseph, B. (Ed.) & Fritz, M. (Ed.) (2017). Volume 1-3 Handbook of Comparative and Historical Indo-European Linguistics. Berlin, Boston: De Gruyter Mouton

Klejn et al. (2017). Discussion: Are the Origins of Indo-European Languages Explained by the Migration of the Yamnaya Culture to the West? European Journal of Archaeology. 21. 1-15. 10.1017/eaa.2017.35.

Krahe, H. (1970). Einleitung in das vergleichende Sprachstudium. Herausgegeben von Wolfgang Meid. Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Sprachwissenschaft. Innsbruck: Rauchdruck

Kristiansen, K. (2010). Rock Art and Religion. The sun journey in Indo-European mythology and Bronze Age rock art. In: Fredell, A (2010). Representations and Communications: Creating an Archaeological Matrix of Late Prehistoric Rock Art. Oxford: Oxbow Books.

Kristiansen, K. & Larsson, T.B. (2011). The Rise of the Bronze Age Society. 4th edition (1st edition 2005). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kuz’mina, E.E. (2007). The Origin of the Indo-Iranians. Leiden: Brill

Luna, D., Ringberg, T. & Peracchio, L. (2008). One individual, two identities: Frame switching among biculturals. Journal of Consumer Research, 35(2), p. 279-293.

Mallory, J.P. (1989). In Search of the Indo-Europeans. Language, Archaeology and Myth. London: Thames and Hudson Ltd.

Mallory, J.P., & Adams, D. Q. (1997). Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture. London and Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers

Mallory, J.P. & Adams, D.Q. (2009). The Oxford Introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European World.1rst edition from 2006. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Mayrhofer, M. (1996). Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen. II. Band. Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag C. Winter.

Meier-Brügger, M. (2000). Indogermanische Sprachwissenschaft, 7. Auflage. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter.

Melchert, H. C. (2003). The Luwians. Leiden, Boston: Brill

Narasimhan et al. (2019). The formation of human populations in South and Central Asia. Science 365, eaat7487. DOI: 10.1126/science.aat7487

Nash Briggs, D. (2009). Reading the images on Iron Age coins: 1. The sun-boat and its passengers. CRL 104.

Nikolaev, A. (2012): Haēcat.aspa-, Rigveda 4.43, and the Myth of the Divine Twins. Journal of American Oriental Society 132.4

Ning et al. (2019). Ancient Genomes Reveal Yamnaya-Related Ancestry and a Potential Source of Indo-European Speakers in Iron Age Tianshan. Current Biology 29, 1-7. August 5, 2019. Elsevier Ltd.

Olander, T. (2019). The Indo-European homeland: Introducing the problem. In Olsen, B.A., Olander, T. & Kristiansen, K. (2019). Tracing the Indo-Europeans. New Evidence from archaeology and historical linguistics (pp. 7-34). Oxford: Oxbow Books

Olander, T. (forthcoming 1). Indo-European cladistic nomenclature.

Olander, T. (forthcoming 2). Connecting the Dots: The Indo-European Family Tree as a Heuristic Device.

Olsen, B.A. (2019). Aspects of family structure among the Indo-Europeans. In Olsen, B.A., Olander, T. & Kristiansen, K. (2019). Tracing the Indo-Europeans. New Evidence from archaeology and historical linguistics (pp. 145-164). Oxford: Oxbow Books

Ożańska-Ponikwia, K. (2012). What has personality and emotional intelligence to do with ‘feeling different’ while using a foreign language? International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 15(2), 217-234.

Rix, H. (1992). Historische Grammatik des Griechischen. Laut- und Formenlehre. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft.

Rix H. (2001) LIV Lexikon der Indogermanischen Verben. Die Wurzeln und ihre Primästammbildungen. 2nd edition. Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag.

Schmitt, R. (1981). Grammatik des Klassisch-Armenischen mit sprachvergleichenden Erläuterungen. Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Sprachwissenschaft, Bd. 32. Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachwissenschaften der Universität Innsbruck

Sihler, A. L. (1995). New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin. New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press

Van den Hout, Theo (2011). The Elements of Hittite. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Vander Linden, M. (2015). An impossible dialogue? On the interface between archaeology, historical linguistics and comparative philology. In Mailhammer, R., Vennemann gen. Nierfeld T. & Olsen, B.A. The Linguistic Roots of Europe. Origin and Development of European Languages. Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press.

Wackernagel, J. & Debrunner, A. (1954). Altindische Grammatik. Band II, 2. Die Nominalsuffixe. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Watkins, C. (1995). How to kill a Dragon. Aspects of Indo-European Poetics. New York: Oxford University Press.

Weiss, M. (2011). Outline of the Historical and Comparative Grammar of Latin. 2nd edition (1st edition from 2009) Ann Arbor, New York: Beech Stave Press

West, M.L. (2007). Indo-European Poetry and Myth. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Powered by

Up ↑

%d bloggers like this: