Abbreviations & Expressions

 

Language abreviations

 

Alb. – Albanian

Arm. – Armenian

Av. – Avestan, Iranian

Bret. – Breton

Bulg. – Bulgarian

Goth. – Gothic

Grk. – Greek

Hit. – Hittite

Last. – Latin

Latv. – Latvian

Lith. – Lithuanian

Luv. – Luvian

Lyc. – Lycian

Lyd. – Lydian

ME – Middle English

MHG – Middle High German

MIr. – Middle Irish (Celtic)

MLG – Middle Low German

MPers. – Middle Persian

Myc. – Mycenaean

NE – New (modern) English

NHG – New High German

NIce. – New Icelandic

OBrit. – Old British (Celtic)

OCS – Old Church Slavonic (Slavic)

OE – Old English (Germanic)

OHG – Old High German (West Germanic)

OIr. – Old Irish (Celtic)

OLat. – Old Latin

OLith. – Old Lithuanian

ON – Old Norse (Germanic)

OPers. – Old Persian (South Western Iranian)

OPrus. – Old Prussian (West Baltic)

ORus. – Old Russian (East Slavic)

PIE – Proto-Indo-European

Rus. – Russian (East Slavic)

RusCS – Russian Variety of Old Church Slavonic

Scyth. – Scythian (Iranian)

Skt. – Sanskrit (Indo-Aryan)

TochA – Tocharian A

TochB – Tocharian B

Umb. – Umbrian (Italic)

 

Other abbreviations:

 

aDNA – Ancient DNA

EHG – Eastern Hunter-Gatherers

SHG – Scandinavian Hunter-Gatherers

WHG – Western Hunter-Gatherers

CHG – Caucasus Hunter-Gatherer

ANE – Ancient North Eurasian

EEF – Early European Farmers

 

URVCP – Uy River Valley Communities of Practice

 

Expressions

 

Stratum: A language which influences or is influenced by another language through contact

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